Japanese Grammar – Lesson Guide
|Studying Japanese grammar is an important step for learning the language and we would like to make it as easy as possible for you. Below you will find our entire grammar guide along with recorded audio. If you have any questions at all, you can contact Keiko here.|
Table of Contents
“WA” and “DESU” are Japanese grammar components that we use to build very basic sentences. Don’t try to translate them to English just yet. Think of these words as big balls of glue that we are going to use to attach meaningful words to. In Hiragana, these “balls of glue” are spelled as は (“WA”) and です (“DESU”). When you are finished studying this grammar lesson, you will be able to build your own sentences in Japanese!
So what is a “grammar particle”, anyway? Well, you have already learned one grammar particle from the last lesson, and that was は (WA). The Grammar particle NO (の) in this lesson is used to indicate possession, similar to the way we use apostrophe “S” after someone’s name followed by an object (“Tom‘s ball”). The particle NO (の) can also be used to indicate a position of something. For example, we will learn how to say “on the desk” in Japanese.
In this grammar lesson, I will show you how to say things like “this”, “that” and “which” in Japanese. We will accomplish this by using a special series: ko (こ), so (そ), a (あ), do (ど). We often refer to this as the “KSAD pattern” when we talk about Japanese grammar. To learn more about the KSAD pattern and how we use it as a valuable learning tool, begin this grammar lesson!
The Japanese grammar particle WO (を) comes after a direct object in a sentence. The direct object is any person or thing receiving the action of a verb. For example, “Timmy fed the dog”. The dog is the direct object, and “fed” is the verb. In English, we don’t need to attach them with anything to show this relationship, but in Japanese it is required. I will show you how to use the particle WO (を) to glue the direct object to the verb.
In this grammar lesson, we will learn about the Japanese particle NI (に). It is a lot like the word “to” in English. This particle has many uses and we will go over each one with you in detail in this next grammar lesson.
We will learn how to add Japanese nouns together with 3 new grammar particles. Mo (も), と(to), and や (ya) all have slightly different purposes in a sentence but they are all very easy to learn. Read this grammar lesson to find out more!
The goal of this lesson is to learn about the Japanese grammar particle で (de). It’s a lot like the word “in“, “at” or “by” in English. It can also mean “because“.
Arimasu and imasu are verbs we use to express existence of non-living things (arimasu) and living things (imasu). They are both similar to “there is“. This grammar lesson will take a closer look at these verbs and find out what’s going on!
Learning the differences between WA and GA (は and が) can be challenging to a student who is studying grammar, but this lesson will break it down into simple parts. This a good lesson to bookmark as a reference since you will probably come back here more than once!
You have already studied interrogative words such as “nani” (なんい) and “dare” (だれ). Next we will be creating brand new expressions simply by adding か (ka) or も (mo) to those same words. Using this simple modification, we can create new words similar to “something”, “someone”. There are many more as you will see in this lesson.
Now you will be able to add になる (ni naru) and にする (ni suru) to your grammar arsenal. They mean “becoming” and “deciding”. We will also learn about the difference between a transitive and intransitive verb!
から (kara) is a grammatical conjunction that is similar to “because”, “since” or “in order to”. In this grammar lesson, we will take a closer look with a few examples.
から (kara) is similar to “from“. まで (made) is similar to “until“, “(up) to“, or “as far as“.まで (made) and から (kara) are often used in the same sentence. Build your grammar up with these two very useful words.
もいいですか (mo ii desu ka) is a polite way to ask permission. It should always come after the te-form of a verb. It is very similar to “Can I” or “May I” in English.
から (kara) can be attached to the te-form of a verb, becoming ~てから (~te kara). This is similar to “after doing (verb)…”
We will go over the differences between もう (mou) and まだ (mada) in this next grammar lesson. もう (mou) is similar to “already” or “no longer” in English, implying a change of state. まだ (mada) is similar to “still” or “not yet”, implying that a situation remains unchanged.