Japanese verbs Arimasu (あります) and Imasu (います) 2017-08-21T21:36:31+00:00
Japanese verbs Arimasu and Imasu (あります and います)

Learn Japanese Grammar – Arimasu and Imasu

Arimasu and imasu are verbs we use to express existence of non-living things (arimasu) and living things (imasu).  They are both similar to “there is“.  When using these verbs, we always mark the subject with が (ga).

Existence is expressed with あります (Arimasu) and います (Imasu).

 

 Here are some examples of both verbs.
へやにいすあります
heya ni isu ga arimasu
There is a
chair in the room.
へやにせんせいいます
heya ni sensei ga
imasu
There is a
teacher in the room.
 
heya ni isu ga arimasu heya ni sensei ga imasu  

When we use a location + に (ni) as we did above, it can be placed before or after our subject.  Let’s switch them around so that you can see that nothing changes.

いすへやにあります
isu ga heya ni arimasu
There is
a chair in the room.
せんせいがへやにいます
sensei ga heya ni 
imasu
There is
a teacher in the room.
 
isu ga heya ni arimasu sensei ga heya ni imasu  

 

Possession is expressed with あります (Arimasu)

 

Arimasu is used to indicate possession of something, such as money.

おかねあります
okane ga arimasu
(I) have money
okane ga arimasu  

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