Japanese Grammar Particle NI – に 2017-08-21T21:36:15+00:00
The Japanese Particle NI (に)

Learn Japanese Grammar – The Japanese Particle NI (に)

The goal of this lesson is to learn about the Japanese particle NI (に).
It is a lot like the word “to” in English.  It has many other uses too!

Japanese particle NI (に) to express direction

 

The particle NI (に) directs an action “towards” a destination.


きょうわたしはぎんこういきました
Kyou watashi wa ginkou ni ikimashita.
(Today I went to the bank.)

Kyou watashi wa ginkou ni ikimashita
When The Japanese particle NI (に) is used to indicate direction, it is interchangeable with .  However, we need to pronounce it as “eh” instead of “he” when it’s used this way.

 

 

Japanese particle NI (に) can be used as an indirect object marker

 

In other words, the particle NI (に) marks the person or thing that receives the object.

かのじょはかれペンあげました
Kanojo wa kare ni pen o agemashita.
(She gave him the pen.)

kanojo wa kare ni pen o agemashita

 

Japanese particle NI (に) to express purpose

 

The particle NI (に) indicates purpose.


わたしは
たべいきました

Watashi wa tabe ni ikimashita.
(I went to eat.)

Watashi wa tabe ni ikimashita

 

Japanese particle NI (に) can express a point in time

 


The particle NI (に)
indicates a specific point in time.


わたしは
ろくじいえでます

Watashi wa rokuji ni ie o demasu.
(I leave home at 6:00)

Watashi wa rokuji ni ie o demasu

 

Japanese particle NI (に) to express frequency

 

The particle NI (に) is used with frequency.


わたしはちにちにさんじかんべんきょうします

Watashi wa ichinichi ni sanjikan benkyou shimasu.
(I study 3 hours per day)

Watashi wa Ichinichi ni sanjikan benkyou shimasu
After using the Japanese particle NI (に) to express frequency, now would be a good time to bring up a useful word –
くらい (kurai).  This means “about” or “approximately“.  It is interchangeable with ぐらい (gurai) and means the same.  For example, we could say:

わたしはいちにちさんじかんくらいべんきょうします
Watashi wa Ichinichi ni sanjikan kurai benkyou shimasu.
(I study about 3 hours per day)

Watashi wa Ichinichi ni sanjikan kurai benkyō shimasu

 

 

Was this helpful?  Please share this free lesson with your friends:    

Connecting a verb to a direct object with the Japanese Grammar Particle WO Adding Japanese Nouns Together with MO, TO, YA
Connect a verb to a direct object with the Japanese Grammar Particle WO Japanese Grammar Index  Adding Japanese Nouns Together with MO, TO, YA