Possession and Position using the Japanese Grammar Particle NO (の) 2017-08-21T21:36:06+00:00
Possession and Position using the Japanese particle NO (の)

Learn Japanese Grammar – The Japanese Particle NO (の)

The Japanese Particle NO (の) is used to indicate possession, and to link nouns together into a hierarchy. The Particle NO (の) can also be used to indicate a position.  Let’s demonstrate these with real examples!

The Japanese Particle NO (の) to indicate possession:

Example Sound  
けいこさんいぬ
Keiko-san no inu
Keiko‘s dog
keikosan no inu  
 ぼくあし
boku no ashi
my leg
boku no ashi  

The Japanese Particle NO (の) is also used to link nouns together into a hierarchy, similar to “of”.

Translating (NO) の to “of” isn’t always going to work!  It’s better to think of this as possession as we did before, since we will be talking about something belonging to a category or type.  Start with the broad side of the scope and narrow in to the detail.

General category/type      Noun

Let’s use a country as our category/type to describe something or someone:

Example Sound  
にほんくるま
Nihon no Kuruma
A Japanese car
nihon no kuruma  
カナダだいがくせい
Canada no daigakusei
A Canadian university student
Canada no daigakusei  
The Japanese Particle NO (の) is also used to indicate position:
Hiragana + Romaji English Example Sound
のした no shita -Under-  

 

いすのした
isu no shita
Under the chair)

 

isu no shita
のうえ no ue -on top of-  

 

つくえのうえ
tsukue no ue
on top of
the desk

 

tsukue no ue
のみぎ no migi -on the right of-  

 

わたしのみぎ
watashi no migi
to my right

 

watashi no migi
のまえ no mae -in front of-  

 

うまのまえ
uma no mae
in front of
the horse

 

uma no mae
のなか no naka -inside of-  

 

はこのなか
hako no naka
inside of
the box

 

hako no naka
のさき no saki -ahead of / past-  

 

しんごうのさき
shingou no saki
past the traffic light

 

shingou no saki
のうしろ no ushiro -behind-  

 

がっこうのうしろ
Gakkou no ushiro
behind the school

 

Gakkou no ushiro
のちかく no chikaku -near-  

 

えきのちかく
eki no chikaku
close to
the station

 

eki no chikaku
のむこう no mukou -the other side of-  

 

はしのむこう
hashi no mukou
on the other side
of the bridge

 

hashi no mukou
のあいだ A to B no aida -between A and B  

 

ぎんこうびょういんのあいだ ginkou to byouin no aida between the bank and the hospital

 

ginkou to byouin no aida

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