negative verbs in the polite form 2017-08-21T20:45:56+00:00

Learn Japanese Verbs – Lesson 4: Negative Verbs in The Polite Form, All Tenses

Up until now, we have practiced “Positive” Japanese verbs.  “I eat” and “I ate” are both expressions of something happening at some point in time.  If we want to express that something is not happening, we need to use a “Negative” Japanese verb.  By the end of this lesson, you will be able to express that you “don’t eat” or “didn’t eat“.  Since you are beginning to get a little more advanced, I will combine both concepts into one lesson.  I will cover negative verbs in the present/future tense, and negative verbs in the past tense.  This will be done using the Polite Form.
The shortest way to change to a negative verb if you already have masu:
present/future tense: masu changes to masen
past tense: mashita changes to masen deshita
If you didn’t have the masu form to begin with, we need to convert from our plain form as we did in our previous lessons:
If a verb ends with an iru/eru sound, drop the ru and add masen

..Otherwise change the ending with this chart.

 Negative non-iru and non-eru verbs in present/future tense:
  ku changes to kimasen   su changes to shimasen
aruku arukimasen kesu  keshimasen
       
tsu changes to chimasen nu changes to nimasen
tatsu tachimasen shinu shinimasen
       
mu changes to mimasen au changes to aimasen
nomu nomimasen arau araimasen

 

In the past tense, we add deshita to the words above:
arukimasen changes to…. arukimasen deshita
tachimasen changes to…. tachimasen deshita
nomimasen changes to…. nomimasen deshita
keshimasen changes to…. keshimasen deshita
shinimasen changes to…. shinimasen deshita
araimasen changes to…. araimasen deshita
The “rule-breakers” in my flashcard decks are all the same from the last lesson.  You have to memorize them:
suru (to do) is shimasen, or shimasen deshita

kuru (to come) is kimasen, or kimasen deshita

kaeru (to return) is kaerimasen, or kaerimasen deshita

hashiru (to run) is hashirimasen or hashirimasen deshita

kiru (to cut) is kirimasen or kirimasen deshita

hairu (to enter) is hairimasen or hairimasen deshita.

Here is your flashcard deck for Negative verbs in their present/future tense:

[qdeck align=”center”; style=”width: 440px; height: 315px; border: 4px solid #000080;” random=”false”] [h] Verb Flashcards – Negative Polite Form (Present/Future Tense)

[q] あく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]あきません(akimasen)

(something) opens
[q] あるく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]あるきません(arukimasen)

to walk
[q] いく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]いきません(ikimasen)

to go
[q] おく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]おきません(okimasen)

to put
[q] かく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かきません(kakimasen)

to write / draw
[q] きく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ききません(kikimasen)

to listen / hear / ask
[q] さく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]さきません(sakimasen)

to bloom / flower
[q] つく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]つきません(tsukimasen)

to arrive
[q] なく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]なきません(nakimasen)

to bark / mew / cry
[q] はく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はきません(hakimasen)

to put on shoes or pants / to sweep
[q] はたらく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はたらきません(hatrakimasen)

to work
[q] ひく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ひきません(hikimasen)

to pull something / to play an instrument
[q] ふく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ふきません(fukimasen)

to blow
[q] みがく – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]みがきません(migakimasen)

to polish / brush
[q] およぐ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]およぎません(oyogimasen)

to swim
[q] ぬぐ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ぬぎません(nugimasen)

to take off / undress
[q] おす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]おしません(oshimasen)

to push
[q] かえす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かえしません(kaeshimasen)

to return (something)
[q] かす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かしません(kashimasen)

to lend
[q] けす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]けしません(keshimasen)

to turn off / put out
[q] さす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]さしません(sashimasen)

to put (up an umbrella) / to point out
[q] だす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]だしません(dashimasen)

to extract / take out
[q] なくす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]なくしません(nakushimasen)

to lose (something)
[q] はなす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はなしません(hanashimasen)

to speak/talk/tell
[q] わたす – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]わたしません(watashimasen)

to hand over
[q] しぬ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]しにません(shinimasen)

to die
[q] あそぶ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]あそびません(asobimasen)

to play
[q] よぶ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]よびません(yobimasen)

to call/invite
[q] すむ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]すみません(sumimasen)

to live/reside (in)
[q] たのむ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]たのみません(tanomimasen)

to ask (a favor)
[q] のむ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]のみません(nomimasen)

to drink
[q] やすむ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]やすみません(yasumimasen)

to take a rest / be absent
[q] よむ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]よみません(yomimasen)

to read
[q] あう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]あいません(aimasen)

to meet / to fit
[q] あらう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]あらいません(araimasen)

to wash
[q] いう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]いいません(iimasen)

to say/speak/tell/talk
[q] うたう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]うたいません(utaimasen)

to sing
[q] かう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かいません(kaimasen)

to buy
[q] すう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]すいません(suimasen)

to inhale/smoke
[q] ちがう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ちがいません(chigaimasen)

to be different / wrong
[q] つかう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]つかいません(tsukaimasen)

to use
[q] ならう – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ならいません(naraimasen)

to learn
[q] たつ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]たちません(tachimasen)

to stand up
[q] まつ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]まちません(machimasen)

to wait
[q] もつ – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]もちません(mochimasen)

to have / hold
[q] ある – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ありません(arimasen)

to be (inanimate) / have
[q] うる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]うりません(urimasen)

to sell
[q] おわる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]おわりません(owarimasen)

to finish
[q] かえる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かえりません(kaerimasen)

to return / go home
[q] かかる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かかりません(kakarimasen)

to take (time / money)
[q] かぶる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かぶりません(kaburimasen)

to put on (a hat)
[q] ~がる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]~がりません(~garimasen)

(somebody) wants to
[q] きる – Present | Negative | {polite}
(not to wear)[a]きりません(kirimasen)

to cut
[q] こまる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]こまりません(komarimasen)

to be in trouble
[q] しまる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]しまりません(shimarimasen)

(something) closes
[q] しる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]しりません(shirimasen)

to know
[q] すわる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]すわりません(suwarimasen)

to sit down
[q] つくる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]つくりません(tsukurimasen)

to make / form / cook
[q] とまる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]とまりません(tomarimasen)

(something) stops
[q] とる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]とりません(torimasen)

to take
[q] なる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]なりません(narimasen)

to become
[q] のぼる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]のぼりません(noborimasen)

to climb
[q] のる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]のりません(norimasen)

to get on
[q] はいる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はいりません(hairimasen)

to enter
[q] はしる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はしりません(hashirimasen)

to run
[q] はじまる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はじまりません(hajimarimasen)

(something) starts
[q] はる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はりません(harimasen)

to put / stick
[q] ふる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ふりません(furimasen)

to fall (rain / snow)
[q] まがる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]まがりません(magarimasen)

to turn
[q] やる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]やりません(yarimasen)

to do
[q] わかる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]わかりません(wakarimasen)

to understand
[q] わたる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]わたりません(watarimasen)

to cross
[q] あける – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]あけません(akemasen)

(somebody) opens
[q] あげる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]あげません(agemasen)

to give
[q] いれる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]いれません(iremasen)

to put in
[q] うまれる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]うまれません(umaremasen)

to be born
[q] おしえる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]おしえません(oshiemasen)

to tell / teach
[q] おぼえる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]おぼえません(oboemasen)

to memorize
[q] かける – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かけません(kakemasen)

to make a phone call / hang
[q] かける – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かけません(kakemasen)

to put on glasses
[q] きえる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]きえません(kiemasen)

to disappear
[q] こたえる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]こたえません(kotaemasen)

to answer / reply
[q] しめる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]しめません(shimemasen)

(somebody) closes
[q] たべる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]たべません(tabemasen)

to eat
[q] つかれる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]つかれません(tsukaremasen)

to get tired
[q] つける – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]つけません(tsukemasen)

to turn on / light
[q] つとめる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]つとめません(tsutomemasen)

to work for
[q] でる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]でません(demasen)

to leave / attend
[q] ならべる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]ならべません(narabemasen)

to line (things) up
[q] はれる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はれません(haremasen)

to clear up
[q] みせる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]みせません(misemasen)

to show
[q] わすれる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]わすれません(wasuremasen)

to forget
[q] あびる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]あびません(abimasen)

to take (a shower)
[q] いる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]いません(imasen)

(for people) to exist / stay
[q] おきる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]おきません(okimasen)

to get up
[q] おりる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]おりません(orimasen)

to get off
[q] かりる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かりません(karimasen)

to borrow / rent
[q] きる – Present | Negative | {polite}
(not to cut)[a]きません(kimasen)

to wear
[q] できる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]できません(dekimasen)

can (do) / be ready
[q] みる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]みません(mimasen)

to see / watch / look
[q] かいぎ(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かいぎ(を)しません(kaigi o shimasen)

to hold a meeting
[q] かいもの(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]かいもの(を)しません(kaimono o shimasen)

to go shopping
[q] けっこん(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]けっこん(を)しません(kekkon o shimasen)

to get married
[q] コピー(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]コピー(を)しません(copii o shimasen)

to make a copy
[q] さんぽ(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]さんぽ(を)しません(sanpo o shimasen)

to take a walk
[q] しごと(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]しごと(を)しません(shigoto o shimasen)

to work
[q] しつもん(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]しつもん(を)しません(shitsumon o shimasen)

to ask somebody a question
[q] する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]しません(shimasen)

to do
[q] しゅくだい(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]しゅくだい(を)しません(shukudai o shimasen)

to do homework
[q] せんたく(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]せんたく(を)しません(sentaku o shimasen)

to do laundry
[q] そうじ(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]そうじ(を)しません(souji o shimasen)

to clean
[q] でんわ(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]でんわ(を)しません(denwa o shimasen)

to make a phone call
[q] はなし(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]はなし(を)しません(hanashi o shimasen)

to have a talk
[q] パーティー(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]パーティー(を)しません(paatii o shimasen)

to have a party
[q] べんきょう(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]べんきょう(を)しません(benkyou o shimasen)

to study
[q] りょうり(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]りょうり(を)しません(ryouri o shimasen)

to cook
[q] りょこう(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]りょこう(を)しません(ryokou o shimasen)

to take a trip
[q] れんしゅう(を)する – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]れんしゅう(を)しません(renshuu o shimasen)

to practice
[q] くる – Present | Negative | {polite}[a]きません(kimasen)

to come
[/qdeck]

And here is your flashcard deck for Negative verbs in their past tense:

[qdeck align=”center”; style=”width: 440px; height: 315px; border: 4px solid #000080;” random=”false”] [h] Verb Flashcards – Negative Polite Form (Past Tense)

[q] あく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]あきませんでした(akimasen deshita)

(something) opens
[q] あるく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]あるきませんでした(arukimasen deshita)

to walk
[q] いく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]いきませんでした(ikimasen deshita)

to go
[q] おく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]おきませんでした(okimasen deshita)

to put
[q] かく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かきませんでした(kakimasen deshita)

to write / draw
[q] きく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ききませんでした(kikimasen deshita)

to listen / hear / ask
[q] さく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]さきませんでした(sakimasen deshita)

to bloom / flower
[q] つく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]つきませんでした(tsukimasen deshita)

to arrive
[q] なく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]なきませんでした(nakimasen deshita)

to bark / mew / cry
[q] はく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はきませんでした(hakimasen deshita)

to put on shoes or pants / to sweep
[q] はたらく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はたらきませんでした(hatrakimasen deshita)

to work
[q] ひく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ひきませんでした(hikimasen deshita)

to pull something / to play an instrument
[q] ふく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ふきませんでした(fukimasen deshita)

to blow
[q] みがく – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]みがきませんでした(migakimasen deshita)

to polish / brush
[q] およぐ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]およぎませんでした(oyogimasen deshita)

to swim
[q] ぬぐ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ぬぎませんでした(nugimasen deshita)

to take off / undress
[q] おす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]おしませんでした(oshimasen deshita)

to push
[q] かえす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かえしませんでした(kaeshimasen deshita)

to return (something)
[q] かす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かしませんでした(kashimasen deshita)

to lend
[q] けす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]けしませんでした(keshimasen deshita)

to turn off / put out
[q] さす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]さしませんでした(sashimasen deshita)

to put (up an umbrella) / to point out
[q] だす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]だしませんでした(dashimasen deshita)

to extract / take out
[q] なくす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]なくしませんでした(nakushimasen deshita)

to lose (something)
[q] はなす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はなしませんでした(hanashimasen deshita)

to speak/talk/tell
[q] わたす – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]わたしませんでした(watashimasen deshita)

to hand over
[q] しぬ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]しにませんでした(shinimasen deshita)

to die
[q] あそぶ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]あそびませんでした(asobimasen deshita)

to play
[q] よぶ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]よびませんでした(yobimasen deshita)

to call/invite
[q] すむ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]すみませんでした(sumimasen deshita)

to live/reside (in)
[q] たのむ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]たのみませんでした(tanomimasen deshita)

to ask (a favor)
[q] のむ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]のみませんでした(nomimasen deshita)

to drink
[q] やすむ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]やすみませんでした(yasumimasen deshita)

to take a rest / be absent
[q] よむ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]よみませんでした(yomimasen deshita)

to read
[q] あう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]あいませんでした(aimasen deshita)

to meet / to fit
[q] あらう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]あらいませんでした(araimasen deshita)

to wash
[q] いう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]いいませんでした(iimasen deshita)

to say/speak/tell/talk
[q] うたう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]うたいませんでした(utaimasen deshita)

to sing
[q] かう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かいませんでした(kaimasen deshita)

to buy
[q] すう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]すいませんでした(suimasen deshita)

to inhale/smoke
[q] ちがう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ちがいませんでした(chigaimasen deshita)

to be different / wrong
[q] つかう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]つかいませんでした(tsukaimasen deshita)

to use
[q] ならう – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ならいませんでした(naraimasen deshita)

to learn
[q] たつ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]たちませんでした(tachimasen deshita)

to stand up
[q] まつ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]まちませんでした(machimasen deshita)

to wait
[q] もつ – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]もちませんでした(mochimasen deshita)

to have / hold
[q] ある – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ありませんでした(arimasen deshita)

to be (inanimate) / have
[q] うる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]うりませんでした(urimasen deshita)

to sell
[q] おわる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]おわりませんでした(owarimasen deshita)

to finish
[q] かえる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かえりませんでした(kaerimasen deshita)

to return / go home
[q] かかる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かかりませんでした(kakarimasen deshita)

to take (time / money)
[q] かぶる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かぶりませんでした(kaburimasen deshita)

to put on (a hat)
[q] ~がる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]~がりませんでした(~garimasen deshita)

(somebody) wants to
[q] きる – Past | Negative | {polite}
(not to wear)[a]きりませんでした(kirimasen deshita)

to cut
[q] こまる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]こまりませんでした(komarimasen deshita)

to be in trouble
[q] しまる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]しまりませんでした(shimarimasen deshita)

(something) closes
[q] しる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]しりませんでした(shirimasen deshita)

to know
[q] すわる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]すわりませんでした(suwarimasen deshita)

to sit down
[q] つくる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]つくりませんでした(tsukurimasen deshita)

to make / form / cook
[q] とまる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]とまりませんでした(tomarimasen deshita)

(something) stops
[q] とる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]とりませんでした(torimasen deshita)

to take
[q] なる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]なりませんでした(narimasen deshita)

to become
[q] のぼる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]のぼりませんでした(noborimasen deshita)

to climb
[q] のる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]のりませんでした(norimasen deshita)

to get on
[q] はいる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はいりませんでした(hairimasen deshita)

to enter
[q] はしる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はしりませんでした(hashirimasen deshita)

to run
[q] はじまる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はじまりませんでした(hajimarimasen deshita)

(something) starts
[q] はる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はりませんでした(harimasen deshita)

to put / stick
[q] ふる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ふりませんでした(furimasen deshita)

to fall (rain / snow)
[q] まがる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]まがりませんでした(magarimasen deshita)

to turn
[q] やる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]やりませんでした(yarimasen deshita)

to do
[q] わかる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]わかりませんでした(wakarimasen deshita)

to understand
[q] わたる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]わたりませんでした(watarimasen deshita)

to cross
[q] あける – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]あけませんでした(akemasen deshita)

(somebody) opens
[q] あげる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]あげませんでした(agemasen deshita)

to give
[q] いれる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]いれませんでした(iremasen deshita)

to put in
[q] うまれる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]うまれませんでした(umaremaen deshita)

to be born
[q] おしえる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]おしえませんでした(oshiemasen deshita)

to tell / teach
[q] おぼえる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]おぼえませんでした(oboemasen deshita)

to memorize
[q] かける – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かけませんでした(kakemasen deshita)

to make a phone call / hang
[q] かける – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かけませんでした(kakemasen deshita)

to put on glasses
[q] きえる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]きえませんでした(kiemasen deshita)

to disappear
[q] こたえる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]こたえませんでした(kotaemasen deshita)

to answer / reply
[q] しめる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]しめませんでした(shimemasen deshita)

(somebody) closes
[q] たべる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]たべませんでした(tabemasen deshita)

to eat
[q] つかれる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]つかれませんでした(tsukaremasen deshita)

to get tired
[q] つける – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]つけませんでした(tsukemasen deshita)

to turn on / light
[q] つとめる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]つとめませんでした(tsutomemasen deshita)

to work for
[q] でる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]でませんでした(demasen deshita)

to leave / attend
[q] ならべる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]ならべませんでした(narabemasen deshita)

to line (things) up
[q] はれる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はれませんでした(haremasen deshita)

to clear up
[q] みせる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]みせませんでした(misemasen deshita)

to show
[q] わすれる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]わすれませんでした(wasuremasen deshita)

to forget
[q] あびる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]あびませんでした(abimasen deshita)

to take (a shower)
[q] いる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]いませんでした(imasen deshita)

(for people) to exist / stay
[q] おきる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]おきませんでした(okimasen deshita)

to get up
[q] おりる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]おりませんでした(orimasen deshita)

to get off
[q] かりる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かりませんでした(karimasen deshita)

to borrow / rent
[q] きる – Past | Negative | {polite}
(not to cut)[a]きませんでした(kimasen deshita)

to wear
[q] できる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]できませんでした(dekimasen deshita)

can (do) / be ready
[q] みる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]みませんでした(mimasen deshita)

to see / watch / look
[q] かいぎ(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かいぎ(を)しませんでした(kaigi o shimasen deshita)

to hold a meeting
[q] かいもの(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]かいもの(を)しませんでした(kaimono o shimasen deshita)

to go shopping
[q] けっこん(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]けっこん(を)しませんでした(kekkon o shimasen deshita)

to get married
[q] コピー(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]コピー(を)しませんでした(copii o shimasen deshita)

to make a copy
[q] さんぽ(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]さんぽ(を)しませんでした(sanpo o shimasen deshita)

to take a walk
[q] しごと(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]しごと(を)しませんでした(shigoto o shimasen deshita)

to work
[q] しつもん(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]しつもん(を)しませんでした(shitsumon o shimasen deshita)

to ask somebody a question
[q] する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]しませんでした(shimasen deshita)

to do
[q] しゅくだい(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]しゅくだい(を)しませんでした(shukudai o shimasen deshita)

to do homework
[q] せんたく(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]せんたく(を)しませんでした(sentaku o shimasen deshita)

to do laundry
[q] そうじ(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]そうじ(を)しませんでした(souji o shimasen deshita)

to clean
[q] でんわ(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]でんわ(を)しませんでした(denwa o shimasen deshita)

to make a phone call
[q] はなし(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]はなし(を)しませんでした(hanashi o shimasen deshita)

to have a talk
[q] パーティー(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]パーティー(を)しませんでした(paatii o shimasen deshita)

to have a party
[q] べんきょう(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]べんきょう(を)しませんでした(benkyou o shimasen deshita)

to study
[q] りょうり(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]りょうり(を)しませんでした(ryouri o shimasen deshita)

to cook
[q] りょこう(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]りょこう(を)しませんでした(ryokou o shimasen deshita)

to take a trip
[q] れんしゅう(を)する – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]れんしゅう(を)しませんでした(renshuu o shimasen deshita)

to practice
[q] くる – Past | Negative | {polite}[a]きませんでした(kimasen deshita)

to come
[/qdeck]
Polite Form, Past Tense Casual Form, Past Tense
Polite Form, Past tense Japanese Verbs Index Casual Form, Past tense