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“Because” in Japanese: から (KARA)

 

 

から (kara) is a Japanese conjunction that is similar to “because”, “since” or “in order to”.

Examples of から as a conjunction

あついからまどあけてください
atsui kara, mado o akete kudasai.
(Since it’s hot, please open the window.)
atsui kara mado o akete kudasai
わたしはねむいからあそべない
watashi wa nemui kara, asobenai.
(I can’t play because I’m tired.)
watashi wa nemui kara, asobenai

In the examples above, we can see that から (kara) comes after the reason and is followed by the result.

 

Reason から     Result

The Difference Between から (kara) and ので (node)

から (kara) and ので (node) are both conjunctions that express a reason and cause.  から (kara) is based more on personal judgement, while ので (node) is based on fact.  In most cases, they are interchangeable.

More examples of から (kara)

電車でんしゃ不便ふべんですからくるまきませんか
densha wa fuben desu kara, kuruma de ikimasen ka
Because the train is inconvenient, how about going by car?
densha wa fuben desu kara, kuruma de ikimasen ka
かねがありませんから旅行りょこうけません。
O-kane ga arimasen kara, ryokou ni ikemasen.
I don’t have money so I can’t go on a trip.
O-kane ga arimasen kara, ryokou ni ikemasen
今日きょういそがしいですから明日あしたてください。
Kyou wa isogashii desu kara, ashita kite kudasai.
(Because I’m busy today, please come tomorrow.)
Kyou wa isogashii desu kara, ashita kite kudasai
昨日きのうはいい天気てんきだったから公園こうえん散歩さんぽきました。
kinou wa ii tenki datta kara kouen e sanpo ni ikimashita.
The weather was good yesterday, so I went for a walk at the park.
kinou wa ii tenki datta kara kouen e sanpo ni ikimashita
財布さいふわすれてしまったからかねしてください。
saifu wo wasurete shimatta kara okane wo kashite kudasai.
Please lend me some money as I forgot my wallet.
saifu wo wasurete shimatta kara okane wo kashite kudasai.
から (kara) also means “from” which we will cover in our next lesson. 

 

Let’s practice から together.  Immerse yourself in a 1 on 1 Skype session:
Becoming and Deciding: NI NARU and NI SURU Expressing To and From in Japanese: MADE and KARA
Becoming and Deciding: NI NARU and NI SURU Japanese Grammar Index Expressing To and From in Japanese: MADE and KARA