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Japanese Grammar – The Japanese Particle wo / o (を)

booru o uchimashitaThe Japanese particle WO (を) marks the direct object of a Japanese sentence.  Even though it is spelled with in Hiragana, we need to pronounce the particle as “o“.  The direct object is linked to the action of the verb.  This can be anything from hitting a ball to studying Japanese.  In both situations, there is an object directly linked to a verb, so we must use to glue these words together.

                                           

 For example…


わたしは
にほんごべんきょうします
Watashi wa
Nihongo o benkyou shimasu.

(I study Japanese)

watashi wa nihongo o benkyou shimasu

In the above example, Nihongo is the direct object which receives the action, benkyou shimasu.  The Japanese particle WO (を) links the noun and verb together.  Here it is again, broken down:

にほんご
Nihongo

o
べんきょうします
benkyou shimasu
-direct object- -object marker- -verb-

 



Some more examples:

わたしは
にんじんたべます

watashi wa ninjin o tabemasu
I eat carrots
watashi wa ninjin o tabemasu

かのじょは
えいがみます

kanojo wa eiga o mimasu
She watches movies
kanojo wa eiga o mimasu

かれは
ビールのみます

kare wa biiru o nomimasu
He drinks beer
kare wa biiru o nomimasu
今朝けさあさはんべます。
Kesa, asagohan o tabemasu.
This morning I eat breakfast
Kesa, asagohan o tabemasu.
明日あした手紙てがみをかきます。
Ashita, tegami o kakimasu.
Tomorrow, I will write a letter.
Ashita, tegami o kakimasu.
名前なまえった
Namae o itta.
(He said his name.)
Namae o itta.
先週せんしゅう, うちをました
sen-shuu, uchi o demashita
(I left home last week.)
sen-shuu, uchi o demashita
ちゃみました。
Ocha o nomimashita.
(I drank tea.)
Ocha o nomimashita.
やまのぼりました
Yama o noborimashita.
(I climbed the mountain.)
Yama o noborimashita.
公園こうえんあるきました
Kouen o arukimashita.
(I walked through the park)
 Kouen o arukimashita.
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