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けれども (keredomo), けど (kedo) and が (ga) means “but”.

keredomo, kedo and ga

けれども (keredomo) and が (ga) are formal and can be used in the middle of a sentence.  In English, we use the word “but” in a similar manner.  

Form: A けれども, B
    (but)  
       
  A B
    (but)  
       

For example,

学校がっこうきましたけれども先生せんせいはいませんでした
gakkou-ni ikimashita keredomo, sensei wa imasen deshita.
(I went to school, but the teacher wasn’t there.)
gakkou-ni ikimashita keredomo, sensei wa imasen deshita

 

そのほんみましたすきではありませんでした
sono hon o yomimashita ga suki dewa arimasen deshita
(I read that book, but I didn’t like it.)
sono hon o yomimashita ga suki dewa arimasen deshita

sono hon o yomimashita ga suki dewa arimasen deshita

けど (kedo) is a more casual version of けれども:

そのほんみましたけどすきではありませんでした
sono hon o yomimashita kedo suki dewa arimasen deshita
(I read that book, but I didn’t like it
sono hon o yomimashita kedo suki dewa arimasen deshita

 

けど (kedo) can also be used as a statement softener.

kedo is a statement softener

A common use of けど (kedo) is to soften a statement.  This is obviously different than using it as a conjunction, but we need to include it here since you will come across it often.  If I am answering the phone for example, I will apply this softener as so:

 

けいこですけど  
Keiko desu kedo.  Keiko desu kedo
(This is Keiko.)  

 

けど (kedo) extends further into conversation as a softener by avoiding abrupt responses.  For example, the following could be a response to “Do you like Sushi?”:

 

はい、きですけど  
hai, suki desu kedo.  hai, suki desu kedo
Yes, I like it.  

 

 

More examples of  けれども (keredomo), けど (kedo) and が (ga)

今週こんしゅうひまけど来週らいしゅういそがしい。

Konshuu wa himada kedo, raishuu wa isogashii.

(I am free this week, but I will be busy next week.)

 

Konshuu wa himada kedo, raishuu wa isogashii

 

 すこはやけど、お誕生日たんじょうびおめでとう!

Sukoshi hayai kedo, o-tanjoubi omedetou!

(It is a little early but Happy Birthday!)

 

 

Sukoshi hayai kedo, o-tanjoubi omedetou

 

がんばったけど試験しけんちた。

Ganbatta kedo shiken ni ochita.

(I tried hard but I failed the exam.)

 

 

Ganbatta kedo shiken ni ochita

 

彼女かのじょはいいひとなんだけど

Kanojo wa ii hito nanda kedo

(She is a nice person, but…)

 

 

Kanojo wa ii hito nanda kedo

 

たろうさんのいえきましたたろうさんはいませんでした

tarousan no ie ni ikimashita ga tarousan wa imasen deshita

(I went to Taro’s house, but Taro wasn’t there.)

 

 

tarousan no ie ni ikimashita ga tarousan wa imasen deshita

 

日本語にほんご勉強べんきょうしましたかりません。

nihongo o benkyou shimashita ga, wakarimasen.

(I studied Japanese, but I don’t understand it.) 

 

 

nihongo o benkyou shimashita ga, wakarimasen

 
あめっているけれどもみせきます。

ame ga futteiru keredomo, mise ni ikimasu. 

It’s raining, but I will go to the store.

 

 

ame ga futteiru keredomo, mise ni ikimasu

 
そとあつけれどいえなかすずしい。

soto wa atsui keredo, ie no naka wa suzushii. 

Outside is hot, but inside the house is cool.

soto wa atsui keredo, ie no naka wa suzushii

 

soto wa atsui keredo, ie no naka wa suzushii

 
Comparing things with YORI and HOU GA Japanese Grammar Index Coming before with MAE NI