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まえに (MAE NI) means “before” and “in front of”

Mae ni

まえに (mae ni) means “before” and “in front of”.  To express that something happens before something else, we should use the dictionary form of a verb followed by まえに (mae ni).  

Forms      
Verbs: Verb (Dictionary Form) + まえに (mae ni)
Nouns:  Noun + の + まえに (mae ni)

 

If we want to express a physical location of an object, we only need to remember that の should be placed after the noun.

 

ichi ji mae ni kokoni modorimasu

Examples of まえに (MAE NI)

まえここにもどります。

ichi ji mae ni kokoni modorimasu.

(I’ll be back before one.)

 

ichi ji mae ni kokoni modorimasu
 
私達わたしたちまえ電車でんしゃてしまった。

watashitachi ga tsuku mae ni densha ga dete shimatta.

(The train left before we arrived.)

 

watashitachi ga tsuku mae ni densha ga dete shimatta

watashitachi ga tsuku mae ni densha ga dete shimatta

 

 
彼女かのじょ試験しけんまえ映画えいがった。

kanojo wa shiken no mae ni eiga o mini itta.

(Before the exam, she went to see a movie.)

 

kanojo wa shiken no mae ni eiga o mini itta
 

日本にほんまえ日本語にほんご勉強べんきょうしました。

nihon e iku mae ni nihongo o benkyou shimashita.

(I studied Japanese before coming to Japan.)

 
nihon e iku mae ni nihongo o benkyou shimashita
   

わたしのいえまえくるままっている。

watashi no ie no mae ni kuruma ga tomatte iru.

(There’s a car parked in front of my house.)

 

 

watashi no ie no mae ni kuruma ga tomatte iru 

   

まえドアをめなさい。

neru mae ni doa wo shimenasai.

(Close the door before going to bed.)

 

 

neru mae ni doa wo shimenasai

 

昨日きのう会社かいしゃまえ銀行ぎんこうった。

kinou kaisha ni iku mae ni ginkou ni itta.

(Yesterday i went to bank before went to office.)

 

 

kinou kaisha ni iku mae ni ginkou ni itta

 When we use まえに (mae ni) with time, it is similar to “ago”:

 

彼女かのじょいち時間じかんまえまどけました。

kanojo wa ichi-ji kan mae ni mado wo akemashita.

(She opened the window an hour ago.)

 

 

kanojo wa ichi-ji kan mae ni mado wo akemashita

   
わたし日本にほん十年じゅうねんまえんでいました。

Watashi wa Nihon ni jûnen mae ni sunde imashita.

(I lived in Japan 10 years ago.)

 

Watashi wa Nihon ni jûnen mae ni sunde imashita

 

 

(A “Back to the Future” cafe in Japan.)

 

Watashi wa Nihon ni jûnen mae ni sunde imashita

 

We can also use まえに (mae ni) to discuss a routine or habit:

 

いつもまえヨーグルトをべます。

Itsumo neru mae ni youguruto o tabemasu.

(I always eat yogurt before going to bed.)

 

 

Itsumo neru mae ni youguruto o tabemasu

Let’s use まえに (mae ni) to finish off our lesson theme:
 

30ねんまえかみなり時計とけいだいちてから時計とけいまったままだ

san juunen mae ni kaminari ga tokei dai ni ochi tekara tokei wa tomatta mama da

(Thirty years ago, lightning struck that clock tower and the clock hasn’t run since.)

san juunen mae ni kaminari ga tokei dai ni ochi tekara tokei wa tomatta mama da
 
Conjunctions: KEREDOMO, KEDO and GA Japanese Grammar Index After: ATO DE