Japanese Grammar -すぎる (sugiru) means “too much”
Placing すぎる (sugiru) after the stem of a verb or adjective is a way to express that something is excessive in Japanese. It is similar to saying “too much”.
Finding the stem of a verb or adjective
In case you missed what a “verb stem” is from our previous lessons, it’s the main part of a verb that comes before masu. For example, the stem of たべます (tabemasu) is たべ (tabe). The stem of いきます (ikimasu) is いく (iku). To find a stem for an adjective, simply remove the last い (i) or な (na). おいしい (oishii) gets cut down to おいし (oishi), and so on. Finding the stem of a verb or adjective off the top of your head will come naturally as you continue to learn Japanese, so don’t worry if it seems challenging at first.
We can then attach すぎる (sugiru) to a verb stem or an adjective stem using the correct form.
An important point to make is that すぎる (sugiru) is actually a verb in itself. It doesn’t seem like it is, since “too” is an adverb in English, right? Maybe it helps you if we translate sugiru as “to be too much”. Now we can see that sugiru is really just an obnoxious cousin of あります (arimasu), a verb that means “to be”. Realizing it’s a verb is very important because we have to conjugate it as one. すぎる (sugiru) by itself becomes すぎます(sugimasu). たべすぎる (tabesugiru) becomes たべすぎます (tabesugimasu). The result is some kind of verb sandwich, or something. Sorry.. I’m hungry.
More examples of すぎる (sugiru)
sono hito wa chotto tabe-sugimashita ne.
(That person ate a little too much.)
|sono hito wa chotto tabe-sugimashita ne|
kono karee wa kara-sugiru.
(This curry is too hot.)
kono shatsu wa ooki-sugiru.
(This shirt is too big.)
biiru o nomi-sugimashita.
(I drank too much beer.)
ano jitenshano nedan wa takasugi mashita.
The price of that bicycle was too high.
Sono kutsu wa takasugiru.
Those shoes are too expensive.
|Sono kutsu wa takasugiru.|
Amari sake o nomisugiru no wa, kiken da.
It is dangerous to drink too much.
(I slept too much.)
shuukun tabesugidayo deburuzo.
(Shu, you’re eating too much. You’ll get fat!)
(It’s too dark.)
|After: ATO DE||Japanese Grammar Index||To be good at: GA JOUZU|