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~たい (tai) means “want to do”

 

Placing ~たい (tai) after a verb stem expresses desire.  It is similar to saying that you “want to do” something.  Please remember that ~たい (tai) is only used for verbs.  For nouns, you must use ほしい (hoshii).  Let’s look at the proper form to use when we attach たい (tai)to a verb.

Form
verb stem + たい (tai)
For Example…
わたしはこの映画えいがたいです。

Watashi wa kono eiga ga mitai desu.

(I want to watch this movie.)

Watashi wa kono eiga ga mitai desu.

Remember to use ほしい (hoshii) for nouns, not たい (tai)!

When it’s a thing that you desire rather than an action, use ほしい (hoshii) instead of たい (tai).  You can think of ほしい (hoshii) as meaning “want to have”, since we will always be referring to a noun / object.  たい (tai) as we have already seen, is translated as “want to do” when it’s attached a verb stem.  Let’s compare similar sentences to demonstrate the difference.

 

わたしはカメラがしいです。

Watashi wa kamera ga hoshii desu.

(I want a camera.)

わたしはカメラがいたいです。

Watashi wa kamera ga kaitai desu.

(I want to buy a camera.)

Watashi wa kamera ga hoshii desu. Watashi wa kamera ga kaitai desu.

More examples of ~たい (~tai)

 

すしがべたいです。

sushi ga tabetai desu.

(I want to eat sushi.)

 

sushi ga tabetai desu

 
   

なにしたいですか。

nani o shitai desu ka?

(What do you want to do?)

 

nani o shitai desu ka

   

ケーキ を たべたい です か

keeki o tabetai desu ka?

(Do you want to eat cake?)

 

keeki o tabetai desu ka

   

本屋ほんやきたいです。

honya e ikitai desu.

(I want to go to the bookstore.)

 

honya e ikitai desu

 

わたしくるまふるすぎるから、あたらしいのをいたい。

watashi no kuruma ga furusugiru kara, atarashii no o kaitai.

(My car is too old so I want to buy a new one.)

 

watashi no kuruma ga furusugiru kara, atarashii no o kaitai

日本語にほんご新聞しんぶんみたいです。

nihongo no shinbun o yomitai desu.

(I want to read a Japanese newspaper.)

 

nihongo no shinbun o yomitai desu.

 
 

電車 でんしゃりたいです。

densha ni noritai desu

(I want to get on the train.)

 

densha ni noritai desu

 

日本語にほんご勉強べんきょうしたいです。

Nihongo o benkyou shitai desu.

(I want to study Japanese)

 

Nihongo o benkyou shitai desu.

 

ものきたいです。

Kaimono ni ikitai desu.

(I want to go shopping.)

 

Kaimono ni ikitai desu.

 

今日きょうはやたいです。

Kyou wa hayaku netai desu.

(I want to go to sleep early today.)

 

Kyou wa hayaku netai desu.

 
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