Japanese Grammar – te wa ikemasen (てはいけません)
てはいけません (te wa ikemasen) is a way to say “you can’t do that”. This Japanese grammar function should always come after the te-form of the “forbidden” verb. Let’s start by breaking down the polite and casual forms:
In our last lesson, we talked about もいいです (mo ii desu) as a way to give permission to someone who asks もいいですか (mo ii desu ka). Although Japan is full of friendly people, it will be difficult to get permission for absolutely everything. We need to train our ears to pick up てはいけません (te wa ikemasen) so that we don’t cross any lines!
In some places in the world, like Paris, dogs are treated like royalty and are usually allowed in restaurants. In Japan however, you will probably get a response like the one above.
There may even be situations where you’re already doing something that you shouldn’t be. In these cases, you will see a much shorter version:
If there’s also a glare included then you should.. you know.. stop what you’re doing. Just cut it out, okay?
We can also use “te wa ikemasen” to ask permission
Although もいいですか (mo ii desu ka) is far more common for asking permission, we can also use てはいけません (te wa ikemasen) by throwing on our question particle か at the end.
“te wa” is sometimes replaced with “cha”
In regular Japanese conversation you will see the “te wa” part of the form get changed to “tcha”.
More Examples of てはいけません (te wa ikemasen)
koko ni kuruma wo tometemo ii desu
You may park the car here.
koko de shashin wo tottewa ikemasen
You must not take photo here.
uso o tsuite wa ikenai.
(You must not tell lies.)
okyakusan ni shitsurei shite wa ikenai.
(You cannot be rude to the customers.)
Mou kaette wa ikemasen ka
(Can I go home now?)
Konsaato chuu wa keitai (denwa) wo tsukatte wa ikemasen.
(You must not use your cellphone during the concert.)
Koko de tabako o sutte wa ikemasen.
(You must not smoke here.)
eigakan no naka de keitai wo tsukatte wa ikemasen.
(You must not use cellphones inside the theater.)
|Okay, lets stop talking about what you can’t do! You can come practice LIVE on Skype with your sensei:|
|Asking Permission in Japanese: MO ii DESU KA||Japanese Grammar Index||After doing something: TE KARA|