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Japanese Grammar – MOU AND MADA (もう and まだ)

もう (mou) is used when has been a change of state.  With a positive context, it is similar to “already” in English.  With a negative context, it means “no longer“.  Just remember: If the status of the event has changed, then use もう (mou).

まだ (mada) is used when the situation remains unchanged.  With a positive context, it is similar to “still” in English.  With a negative context, it means “not yet“.  Just remember: If the status of the event remains unchanged, then use まだ (mada).

changing state – もう (mou) unchanging state – まだ (mada)
positive でんしゃはもうでました
densha wa mou demashita.
(The train already left.)
densha wa mou demashita
まだじゅっぷんもある
mada juppun mo aru.
(We still have ten minutes.)
mada juppun mo aru
negative もうおさけがありません
mou osake ga arimasen.
(There is no longer any alcohol
left.)
mou osake ga arimasen
まだきまってない
mada kimattenai.
(I haven’t decided yet.)
mada kimattenai
 

Anime Practice with もう and まだ (mou and mada)

 

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