Japanese Grammar – MADE and KARA (まで and から)
から (kara) is similar to “from“. まで (made) is similar to “until“, “(up) to“, or “as far as“. まで (made) and から (kara) are often used in the same sentence to describe a route between A and B. The form is pretty straight forward (literally!):
Although the particles から (kara) and まで (made) have many uses, this lesson will focus on their application together. In the example above, A and B refer to points in physical space.. but they can also represent time as well. For example, we can use these particles to describe a period of time from 1 o’clock to 3 o’clock. I’ll cover that in my examples below.
Examples of MADE and KARA (まで and から)
|kyou kara ashita made benkyou shimasu|
| ここからきょうとまではでんしゃでにじゅっぷんです。 |
koko kara Kyoto made wa densha de nijuppun desu.
It is twenty minutes by train from here to Kyoto.
|koko kara Kyoto made wa densha de nijuppun desu|
watashi no ie kara gakkou made nana kiro meetoru arimasu
(My house is 7KM to the school.)
|watashi no ie kara gakkou made nana kiro meetoru arimasu|
kono shinkansen wa Tokyo kara Osaka made ikimasu.
(This bullet train runs from Tokyo to Osaka.)
|kono shinkansen wa Tokyo kara Osaka made ikimasu.|
su-pa wa gozen juuji kara gogo juuji made desu
The supermarket opens at 10am and closes at 10pm.
|su-pa wa gozen juuji kara gogo juuji made desu|
asa kara yoru made hatarakimasu.
I will work from morning to night.
|asa kara yoru made hatarakimasu.|
asa 5 ji kara yoru 9 ji made nemasu.
(I will sleep from 5am to 9pm.)
|asa 5 ji kara yoru 9 ji made nemasu.|
Tokyo kara Nagoya made wa dono gurai kakarimasuka?
(How long does it take from Tokyo to Nagoya?)
|Tokyo kara Nagoya made wa dono gurai kakarimasuka?|
|Expressing Cause and Reason in Japanese: KARA||Japanese Grammar Index||Asking Permission in Japanese: MO ii DESU KA|