:Home/Japanese Grammar/yori and houga to compare two things (より and ほうが)

 

より and ほうが – yori and hou-ga – Comparing two things

Unlike English, Japanese doesn’t use the suffix ‘-er’ to make comparisons.   Instead, より (yori) is used with  ほうが (hou-ga) to compare nouns, adjectives and even verbs.  It’s extremely useful, as we’re about to find out.  Here’s the form:  

Form: (lesser thing) + よりyori , (greater thing) + ほうがhou-ga

 

 

An important detail to remember is to attach (no) to ほうが (hou-ga) if you are comparing nouns.  Let’s keep that in mind as we continue with our first example:

 

 
わたしねこ よりいぬ ほう

watashi wa neko yori, inu no hou ga suki.

(I like dogs more than cats)

 watashi wa neko yori, inu no hou ga suki
 

 

When we compare verbs, we don’t need to attach の:

 

kaku yori, yomu hou ga suki desu  
より、よむほうです。

kaku yori, yomu hou ga suki desu.

(I like reading more than writing.)

 kaku yori, yomu hou ga suki desu
 

 

Although this may seem different from our last lesson regarding ほうがいい (hou ga ii), it’s actually the same!  Remember, in Japanese we can drop a lot of things out of the sentence if the context is understood.  For example, in our previous lesson we saw this as an example:

 

はやほうがいいですよ。  
hayaku neta hou ga ii desu yo.  hayaku neta hou ga ii desu yo
(It is better to go to bed early.)  

 

There is actually some information that has been dropped, including より (yori).  Just for fun, let’s stick it in there and see what it looks like when “Captain Obvious” is making the same statement:

 

おそくねるよりはやほうがいいですよ。  
osoku neru yori, hayaku neta hou ga ii desu yo.  osoku neru yori, hayaku neta hou ga ii desu yo
(It is better to go to bed early than late)  

 

Let’s thank him for that..

 

Anime Practice with ほうが and より (hou-ga and yori)

 

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More examples of より (yori) and ほうが (hou-ga)

英語えいごより日本語にほんごほうむずかしいおもう。

eigo yori nihongo no hou ga muzukashii to omou.

(I think Japanese is more difficult than English.)

 

eigo yori nihongo no hou ga muzukashii to omou

 
 
 

日本にほんよりカナダほうおおきいです。

Nihon yori kanada no hou ga ookii desu.

Canada is bigger than Japan.

 

 

Nihon yori kanada no hou ga ookii desu 

 

料理りょうりつくよりべるほうです。

Ryōri wa tsukuru yori taberu hou ga suki desu.

like eating more than cooking.

 

 

Ryōri wa tsukuru yori taberu hou ga suki desu

 

きのうより今日きょうほうが寒い

Kinou yori kyou no hou ga samui.

(It is colder today than yesterday.)

 

 

Kinou yori kyou no hou ga samui

 

てんぷらより寿司すしほうです。

Tenpura yori o-sushi no hou ga suki desu.

I prefer sushi over tempura.

 

 

Tenpura yori o-sushi no hou ga suki desu

 

自転車じてんしゃよりくるまほうしいです。

Jitensha yori kuruma no hou ga hoshii desu.

want a car more than a bike.

 

 

Jitensha yori kuruma no hō ga hoshii desu

 

牛乳ぎゅうにゅうよりビールほうです。

gyuunyuu yori beer no hou ga suki desu.

like beer more than milk.

 

 

gyūnyū yori beer no hō ga suki desu

 

カナダと日本にほんとどちらほうおおきいですか。

Kanada to nihon to dochira no hou ga ookii desu ka

Which is bigger: Canada or Japan?

 

Kanada to nihon to dochira no hō ga ōkii desu ka

 
 
Giving advice with HOU GA II Japanese Grammar Index Conjunctions: KEREDOMO, KEDO and GA