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Japanese Phrases – Getting to Know Someone

  Let’s learn Japanese Phrases!  In this phrase guide, we will practice what we would say when we are getting to know someone.  This will include questions and answers so that you are prepared for both.  Take your time, have fun and practice these Japanese phrases regularly!  🙂

Asking someone’s name

あなたのなまえはなんです
Anata no namae wa nan desu ka?
(What is your name?)
xx
Have you learned these points yet from my Grammar section?
Learn Japanese Grammar: Build a basic sentence with WA and DESU.
Learn Japanese Grammar: The Particle NO

Telling someone your name

わたしはけいこです
watashi wa Keiko desu.
(I am
Keiko.)
xx
Substitute “Keiko” with your own name.

 Telling someone your nickname

けいちゃんよんでください
Keichan to yonde kudasai.
(Please call me “Keichan“)
 xx
This Japanese phrase is generally used to state a nickname.

Asking someone’s age

なんさいです
Nan sai desu ka?
(How old are you?)
 xx
It is very common to learn someone’s age when you are getting to know someone in Japanese.

Politely asking someone’s age

おいくつです
Oikutsu desu ka?
(How old are you?)
 xx
This is a more polite version of our previous Japanese phrase.

Telling someone your age

さんじゅっさいです
sanjussai desu.
(I am 30 years old.)
 xx
This Japanese phrase is making use of “sai” as a suffix for age.

Asking someone’s birth year

なんねんうまれです
Nannen umare desu ka?
(What year were you born?)
 xx

Telling someone your birth year

わたしはせんきゅうひゃくはちじゅうろくねんうまれです
Watashi wa senkyūhyakuhachijūroku nen umare desu.
(I was born in 1986.)
 xx
This is the type of response you are used to in English.  The Japanese, however will usually respond based on the year an emperor came to power.  I will talk about that more in my cultural lessons.

Asking someone’s birthday

たんじょうびはいつです
Tanjōbi wa itsu desu ka?
(When is your birthday?)
 xx

Telling someone your birthday

わたしのたんじょうびはじゅうにがつにじゅうろくにちです
Watashi no tanjōbi wa juunigatsu nijuuroku nichi desu.

(My Birthday is December 26)
 xx

Asking someone where they are from

どこからきました
Doko kara kimashita ka?

(Where are you from?)
 xx
Have you learned these points yet from my Grammar section?
Learn Japanese Grammar: The KSAD Pattern
Learn Japanese Grammar: MADE and KARA

Asking someone where they are from

しゅっしんはどこです
Shusshin wa doko desu ka?

(Where are you from?)
 xx

Telling someone where you are from

わたしはカナダからきました
Watashi wa Canada kara kimashita.
(I am from Canada)
 xx

Asking someone specifically where they are from

にほんのどこからきました
Nihon no doko kara kimashita ka?
(Where in Japan are you from?)
 xx
This is a more specific form of our last question.

Telling someone specifically where you are from

にほんのとうきょうからきました
Nihon no Toukyou kara kimashita.
(I am from Tokyo, Japan)
xx

Telling someone specifically where you are from

にほんのとうきょうしゅっしんです
Nihon no Toukyou Shusshin desu.
(I am from Tokyo, Japan)
 xx

Asking someone where they live

どこにすんでいます
Doko ni sundeimasu ka?
(Where do you live?)
 xx
Have you learned this yet from my Grammar section?
Learn Japanese Grammar: The Particle NI

Telling someone where you live

わたしはならにすんでいます。
Watashi wa Nara ni sundeimasu.
(I live in Nara)
 xx
Nara is a beautiful prefecture.  Nara City was the first capital of Japan and has a lot of ancient history!

Asking someone what it’s like where they live

 
どんなところにすんでいます
Donna tokoro ni sundeimasu ka?
(What’s it like where you live?)
 xx
This Japanse phrase literally means “What kind of place do you live?”

Telling someone you live in the city

わたしはとかいにすんでいます
Watashi wa tokai ni sundeimasu.
(I live in the city)
 xx

Telling someone you live in a rural area

わたしはいなかにすんでいます。
Watashi wa inaka ni sundeimasu.
(I live in a rural area)
 xx

Asking someone what kind of place it is

そこはどんなところです
Soko wa donna tokoro desu ka?
(What kind of place is it?)
xx

Describing your summer

なつはあついです
natsu wa atsui desu.
(It is hot in summer)
xx
In Japan you will hear me saying this Japanese phrase a lot!  Atsui means “hot”.  Samui means “cold”.

Describing your town

ちいさなまちです
Chiisana machi desu.
(It is a small town.)
xx
 We can also use “chō” instead of machi to describe a town.

Describing your city

だいとかいです
Daitokai desu.
(It is a big city.)
xx
“Tokai” is city.  The prefix “Dai” makes it big.

Describing a previous home

まえはきょうとにすんでいました
Mae wa Kyoto ni sundeimashita.
(I used to live in Kyoto.)
xx
Kyoto, Japan is famous for classical Buddhist temples.

Asking if they are a student

がくせいです
Gakusei desu ka?
(Are you a student?)
xx
Notice the similarity between “Gakusei” (student) and “Sensei” (teacher).

Asking where someone went to school

どこがっこうにかよっています
Doko no gakkō ni kayotteimasu ka?
(Where do you go to school?)
xx

Telling someone where you go to school

おおさかだいがくにかよっています。
Osaka daigaku ni kayotteimasu.
(I go to Osaka University.)
xx

Asking how many people are in someone’s family

なんにんかぞくです
Nannin kazoku desu ka?
(How many people are in your family?)
xx

Telling someone how many people are in your family

ろくにんかぞくです
Roku-nin kazoku desu.
(There are six people in my family)
xx

Asking someone how many siblings they have

きょうだいはいます
Kyōdai wa imasu ka?
(Do you have siblings?)
xx
Have you learned this yet from my Grammar section?
Learn Japanese Grammar: Arimasu and Imasu

Asking someone how many siblings they have

なんにんきょうだいです
Nannin kyōdai desu ka?
(How many siblings do you have?)
xx

Telling someone about your siblings

あねがひとりいます
Ane ga hitori imasu
(I have an older sister)
xx

Telling someone about your siblings

いもうとがふたりいます
Imouto ga futari imasu
(I have two younger sisters)
xx

Telling someone about your siblings

おとうとがふたりとあねがひとりいます
otouto ga futari to ane ga hitori imasu
(I have two younger brothers and an older sister)
xx

Telling someone about your siblings

わたしたちはふたごです。
Watashi tachi wa futago desu.
(We are twins)
xx

Telling someone you are the only child

ひとりっこです。
Hitorikko desu.
(I am an only child.)
xx

Asking someone what pets they have

ペットかっています
Petto o katteimasu ka?
(Do you have pets?)
xx
 Have you learned these points yet from my Grammar section?
Learn Japanese Grammar: The Particle WO

Telling someone you have a cat

ねこかっています
Neko o katteimasu.
(I have a cat.)
xx

Telling someone you have two dogs

いぬにひきかっています。
Inu o nihiki katteimasu.
(I have two dogs.)
xx

Asking someone their pet’s name

ペットのなまえはなんです
Petto no namae wa nan desu ka?
(What is your pet’s name?)
xx

Telling someone your pet’s name

ペットのなまえはハニーです。
Petto no namae wa Honey desu.
(My pet’s name is honey.)
xx

Asking about someone’s aspirations

しょうらいのゆめはなんです
Shōrai no yume wa nan desu ka?
(What is your dream?)
xx

Telling someone about your aspirations

しょうらいのゆめはダンサーになることです
Shōrai no yume wa dansaa ni naru koto desu.
(My dream is to become a dancer.)
xx
Have you learned this yet from my Grammar section?
Learn Japanese Grammar: NI NARU and NI SURU

Asking someone about their job

おしごとはなんです
O-shigoto wa nan desu ka?
(what do you do for work?)
xx

Telling someone about your job

わたしはえいごきょうしです
Watashi wa eigo kyōshi desu.
(I am an English teacher)
xx

Asking about someone’s job

アルバイトはしています
Arubaito wa shiteimasu ka?
(Are you doing a part-time job?)
xx

Telling someone about your job

わたしはアルバイトしていません
Watashi wa arubaito o shiteimasen.
(I am not doing a part-time job)
xx

Asking where someone works

どこでたらいています
Doko de hataraiteimasu ka?
(Where are you working?)
xx

Telling someone where you work

わたしはほんやではたらいています
Watashi wa honya de hataraiteimasu.
(I am working at a book store)
xx
Have you learned this yet from my Grammar section?
Learn Japanese Grammar: The Particle DE

Asking about someone’s height

しんちょうはなんセンチです
Shinchō wa nan senchi desu ka?
(How tall are you?)
xx

Telling someone about your height

わたしのしんちょうは150センチです
Watashi no shinchō wa
hyakugojuu senchi desu.
(I am 150cm tall)
xx

Asking about someone’s weight (be careful)

たいじゅうはなんキロですか
Taijū wa
nan kiro desu ka?
(How much do you weigh?)
xx

Telling someone about your weight

ぼくのたいじゅうは70キロです
Boku no taijū wa nanajuu-kiro desu.
(I weigh 70 kg)
xx

Describing someone’s height

せがたかいですね。
Se ga takai desu ne.
(You are tall.)
xx

Describing your own height

わたしはせがひくいです
Watashi wa se ga hikui desu.
(I am short.)
xx
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